Download A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, by David S. Mason PDF

By David S. Mason

Highlighting the main occasions, principles, and members that experience formed sleek Europe, this clean and vigorous ebook presents a concise heritage of the continent from the Enlightenment to the current. Drawing at the enduring topic of revolution, David S. Mason explores the political, financial, and clinical reasons and results of revolution; the advance of human rights and democracy; and problems with eu id and integration. He intentionally avoids an in depth chronology of each kingdom and period of time by means of emphasizing the main the most important occasions that experience formed Europe. Fourteen centred chapters handle such topical matters because the Enlightenment; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the commercial Revolution; the theories and influence of Marx and Darwin; the revolutions of 1848, 1917, and 1989; the unifications of Germany and Italy; eu imperialism; the 2 global wars; the chilly warfare; the evolution and growth of the ecu Union; and present demanding situations confronting Europe. Any reader who desires a vast sweep of eu background will locate this e-book a fascinating narrative, supplemented with maps, timelines, sidebars, photographs, and a glossary.

“David Mason’s account of eu background from the Enlightenment to the current deals an authoritative synthesis of significant advancements during this various and complicated interval. Written in a lucid and interesting kind, in actual fact based and concise, this survey is either accomplished and readable. it really is well matched as an introductory textbook for school undergraduates.” —Jolanta T. Pekacz, Dalhousie college

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Example text

However, the code also required that inheritances be divided among all sons and daughters, thus ending the practice of primogeniture, which assigned all property to the eldest son. As an unexpected consequence, French couples began to limit themselves to two or three children, so their property would not be further divided. The Napoleonic Code, applied or adopted throughout much of Europe, is still the basis for the legal systems of much of the Continent, including secular but Muslim Turkey, as well as of the state of Louisiana, which was a French colony at the time of the code’s inception.

She addressed her appeal to the queen (Marie Antoinette) as a “mother and a wife,” hoping to win support for her cause from this influential woman. In Britain, the teacher and writer Mary Wollstonecraft (1759–1797) welcomed the Revolution in France and saw in it the possibility of a representative government that would respect the rights of both men and women. But she also was disappointed with the Declaration of the Rights of Man and even more angered when the French assembly limited the right to education to men only.

An inefficient system of taxation made it difficult for the monarchy to raise the money it needed. Furthermore, both the church and the nobility, which together owned much of the land in the country, were virtually exempt from taxes. The financial problems of the regime were made worse by the financial and material aid provided by France to the American colonies during their war of independence against Britain. For France, this was a strategic decision, rather than a moral or ideological one, as it was intended to weaken the country’s chief rival, England, and to avenge the loss of French colonies in America and India during the Seven Years’ War (the French and Indian War in North America).

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