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By American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of

A similar applied sciences that gasoline medical advances additionally pose strength risks--that the information, instruments, and methods won via valid biotechnology examine will be misused to create organic guns or for bioterrorism. this is known as the twin use predicament of the lifestyles sciences. but even learn with the best power for misuse may well supply major merits. picking the right way to constrain the chance with out harming crucial medical study is necessary for nationwide safeguard in addition to prosperity and future health. This booklet discusses a 2007 survey of yank organization for the development of technology (AAAS) participants within the existence sciences approximately their wisdom of twin use concerns and attitudes approximately their tasks to assist mitigate the dangers of misuse in their examine. total, the consequences recommend that there is significant help for methods to oversight that depend upon measures which are built and carried out by means of the medical group itself. The responses additionally recommend that there's a have to make clear the scope of study actions of shock and to supply information approximately what activities scientists can take to lessen the chance that their learn might be misused by way of people with malicious cause.

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Extra resources for A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Sample text

S. scientific, engineering, and health communities cannot hope to maintain their present position of international leadership if they become isolated from the rest of the world” (Alberts et al. 39 As noted earlier, in addition to limiting visas, the restrictions in place under the Patriot and Bioterrorism Preparedness acts prohibit any national of a country currently designated by the Department of State as a state sponsor of terrorism from having access to select agents. Oversight of Research A more contentious issue than control of pathogens and toxins is whether there should be oversight of life science research and communication, and if so, what kind.

2003), Craig Venter had discussions with government officials about the dual use implications of the research (Venter 2007). The authors were fully aware of the controversy that had occurred following publication of the Wimmer poliovirus synthesis paper and Venter has said he was prepared to modify the manuscript. A formal governmental review, however, did not find any reason to make modifications because of dual use concerns. More recently, the synthesis of the 1918 influenza virus (Taubenberger et al.

OpenDocument&unid=74C574F0A6E EC10EC12572BC00334CC5. 23 The IAP Biosecurity Working Group has members from the academies of China, Cuba, the Netherlands (chair), Nigeria, the United Kingdom, and the United States. File/Master/5/399/Biosecurity%20St. pdf. html for further information about both meetings. A summary report of the 2nd International Forum was published by the National Research Council (NRC 2008). C. pdf. 26 A number of national academies have also undertaken activities. 27 The Royal Society has published a summary of its activities, which include a number of meetings and policy papers (Royal Society 2008).

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